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PHONICS - READ WRITE INC.

English is a complex code!

  • All words are made up of sounds.
  • In English there are 44 sounds.

 

How will I know how to pronounce the phonic sounds?

  • You can practise saying the sounds by using the chart below

 

How will I know how to recognise the grapheme for each sound?

  • A grapheme is a sound written down i.e the letter symbol.
  • English has more than 150 graphemes.
  • This chart shows the most usual graphemes for the 44 sounds.

Jp1

 

 

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order:

 

m a s d t, i n p g o, c k u b, f e l h sh, r j v y w, th z ch qu x ng nk

With Read, Write Inc we are using pure sounds, (‘m’ not’ muh’, ’s’ not ‘suh’, etc) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.

 

These first sounds should all be stretched slightly.Try to avoid saying uh after each one e.g. /mm/ not muh, /ss/ not suh, /ff/ not fuh.

 

m

mmmmmmountain (keep lips pressed together hard

s

sssssnake (keep teeth together and hiss – unvoiced)

n

nnnnnnet (keep tongue behind teeth)

f

ffffflower (keep teeth on bottom lip and force air out sharply – unvoiced)

l

llllleg (keep pointed curled tongue behind teeth).

r

rrrrrrobot (say rrr as if you are growling)

v

vvvvvvulture (keep teeth on bottom lip and force air out gently)

z

zzzzzzig zzzzzag (keep teeth together and make a buzzing sound)

th

thhhhank you ( stick out tongue and breathe out sharply)

sh

shhhh (make a shhh noise as though you are telling somebody to be quiet!)

ng

ng – thinnnnngg on a strinnnngg (curl your tongue at the back of your throat)

nk

I think I stink (make a piggy oink noise without the oi! nk nk nk)

These next sounds cannot be stretched.Make the sound as short as possible avoiding uh at the end of the sound:

 

t

tick tongue behind the teeth – unvoiced

p

make distinctive p with lips – unvoiced

k

make sharp click at back of throat

c

as above

h

say h as you breathe sharply out – unvoiced)

ch

make a short sneezing sound

x

say a sharp c and add s – unvoiced

 

You will find it harder to avoid saying uh at the end of these sounds.

d

tap tongue behind the teeth

g

make soft sound in throat

b

make a short, strong b with lips

j

push lips forward

y

keep edges of tongue against teeth

w

keep lips tightly pursed

qu

keep lips pursed as you say cw – unvoiced

 

The short vowels should be kept short and sharp:

a

a-a-a (open mouth wide as if to take a bite of an apple

e

e-e-e (release mouth slightly from a position).

i

i-i-i (make a sharp sound at the back of the throat – smile).

o

o–o-o (push out lips, make the mouth into o shape).

u

u-u-u (make a sound in the throat).

 

 

Set 2 Sounds are taught in the following order:

 

ay, ee, igh, ow, oo, ar, or, air.ir, ou, oy, ire

When the children are very confident with all of Set 1 and Set 2 sounds then they are taught Set 3 Sounds.

The long vowel sounds are all stretchy sounds.

 

Long vowel sound

Set 2 Sounds

Set 3 Sounds

Ay

ay: may I play

a-e: make a cake

ai: snail in the rain

Ee

ee: what can you see

ea: cup of tea

e: he me we she be

igh

igh: fly high

i-e: nice smile

Ow

ow: blow the snow

o-e: phone home

oa: goat in a boat

Oo

oo: poo at the zoo

u-e: huge brute

ew: chew the stew

Oo

oo: look at a book

 

Ar

ar: start the car

 

Or

or: shut the door

aw: yawn at dawn

air

air: that’s not fair

are: share and care

Ir

ir: whirl and twirl

ur: nurse for a purse

er: a better

Ou

ou: shout it out

ow: brown cow

Oy

oy: toy for a boy

oi: spoil the boy

ire

 

ire: fire fire!

ear

 

ear: hear with your ear

ure

 

ure: sure it’s pure?

 

So how can you help your child?

 

By knowing the 44 pure sounds.
Jp2

 

 

By using the Speed Sound cards with your child.

Jp3

 

By knowing how to blend using Fred Talk for reading.

"m_a_t" Jp4"mat"

 

By knowing how to do Fred Fingers for spelling.

Jp5

 

 

By having fun with Fred Talk at home!

“What a tidy r-oo-m!”
“Where’s your c-oa-t?”
“Time for b-e-d!”

 

 

By reading to your child lots of lovely stories and asking lots of questions.

Jp6
By taking time to talk!
By praising your child for using new words or interesting images.

By visiting the parent page for Read Write Inc on Oxford University Press' website.

http://www.oup.com/oxed/primary/rwi/forparents/